However, there is nothing complicated in the rules of writing an abstract. Problems usually arise in freshmen, who simply do not yet know how to properly prepare the abstract (because they were too lazy to find out before surrendering). But this article will help those who did not take the methodology on the chair and thought about the design the night before the delivery of the work – agree, the prevalent situation!

In many universities and even more so in schools, the design of abstracts is less rigorous, allowing for small deviations from the strict standard of GOST. Some departments have their own rules concerning the design of works, especially the title pages (so, in addition to studying the general rules described below, we recommend still taking the manual on the chair, sometimes special requirements are invented by teachers

How correctly to draw an abstract?

-Use Times New Roman  

Fields: 1.5 cm for the top, 3 cm for the bottom, 1.5 cm for the right and 2.5 cm for the left (1 cm – stock for the sheet filing). Increasing margins are sometimes used by students to increase the number of sheets

The text is printed on only one side of the sheet. The reverse must remain clean. By the way, a common mistake among beginners, often writing on both sides, as in a notebook.

The orientation of the sheet is the book. A landscape is sometimes allowed in the design of applications (for example, wide tables).

The title page consists of the following parts:

  • A cap with the full name of an educational institution (university, college, school, etc.), the name of the faculty and department.
  • The name of the work and the indication of the discipline. Formatting in the center.

Sometimes the name is indicated simply, without quotes

-The final block with information about the city in which the institution is located, and the year of writing the work. Located at the very bottom of the page, formatting in the center.

-The main part of the essay is divided (with rare exceptions) into chapters. Sometimes within the chapters are allocated paragraphs (or paragraphs).  

-Chapters begin with a new sheet. Sometimes a new sheet begins and paragraphs (this point specified in the manual).  

-An unspoken rule: the final part of the chapter should occupy at least a quarter of the sheet. In cunning students, inflating the volume, the ends of the chapters “hang” in a few lines on an almost blank sheet, which causes great irritation among the teachers: they feel that they are, as it were, so to speak … considered fools.